ABOUT Guyana is an amazing blend of the Caribbean and South America. Guyana lies in the northeast of South America, bordered by Venezuela to the west, Surinam to the southeast and Brazil to the south. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and east. The word 'Guiana' (the original Amerindian spelling) means 'land of many waters' and the name was well chosen, for there are over 965 miles of navigable rivers in the country. The interior is either high savannah uplands (such as those along the Venezuelan border, called the Rupununi, and the Kanuku Mountains in the far southwest), or thick, hilly jungle and forest, which occupy over 83% of the country's area. The narrow coastal belt contains the vast majority of the population, and produces the major cash crop, sugar, and the major subsistence crop, rice. The country has 206 miles of coastline. More than 25% of the population lives in or near Georgetown. Guyana is divided into three counties; Essequibo, Demerara and Berbice and have four geographical regions; the interior savannahs, the highland region, the hilly sand and clay area and the low coastal plain. Georgetown the Capital of Guyana is a garden by itself with its flora and fauna blended nicely together; more than 200 species of birds can be found in the capital alone; gardens, parks, zoo, museums and an array of historical buildings including the St Georges Cathedral purportedly the tallest wooden building in the world. Tourism is an emerging industry for Guyana, that continues to grow with the increased awareness of Guyana as an incredible Amazon adventure, not to mention varying topography, Guyana is well on its way to developing an incredible nature based destination for the future. Being the tropics, site-seeing is available all through the year. The country has numerous large waterfalls, vast tropical rainforest and savannah replete with wildlife such as the jaguar, giant otter, Harpy eagle and arapaima, the world's largest species of freshwater fish. Shell Beach, which runs for over 100 miles along the northern coast, is famous for its large numbers of nesting turtles and other wildlife. There is one international airport Cheddi Jagan International Airport.
CLIMATE Guyana's climate is warm and tropical throughout the year. The rainfall is generally high for most of the year, as is the humidity. December to January and May to June are the rainy seasons, while in coastal areas the climate is tempered by sea breezes.
BEWARE Many of the crimes in Guyana are common to countries with wide gaps in wealth and where the perception is that all foreigners are wealthy. Muggings have taken place in broad daylight. Burglary and theft from cars are commonplace. Take sensible precautions to protect yourself and your belongings. Try to avoid showing obvious signs of wealth. Crime levels are high and police capacity is low. There are regular armed and violent robberies against businesses and individuals. There is a risk of passers-by being caught up in such incidents - the Police tend to respond with firearms if shot at or threatened.