ABOUT The Azerbaijan Republic has been established on 18 October 1991. Located in the southern part of Transcaucasia. Bordered by Russia in the north, by Georgia in the north west by Armenia and Turkey in the south-west, by Iran in the south.Washed by the Caspian Sea in the east. Area of the Republic is 86,600 sq. km. Population is 7,486 900 (as of 1 January 1995). Density of the population is 86 man/sq km. Capital - Baku. The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a part of Azerbaijan.
CLIMATE A moderate climate with mild, dry winters covers the south hills below 3,300 feet of the Greater Caucasus, the Ganikh-Eyrichay valley between 660 and 1,640 ft and the north and east hills of the Lesser Caucasus between 1,300 and 4,900 ft. Annual precipitation accounts for 50 to 100 percent of the possible evaporation in this climate zone.
BEWARE Crime levels in Baku are generally low, but muggings do occur from time to time after dark in the centre of town around the western bars and clubs and near dimly lit entrances of private apartments. Take sensible precautions: be vigilant, avoid carrying large sums of money and don’t walk alone at night. Try to arrange to be picked up or dropped off as close to your hotel or apartment entrance as possible by a private/company driver, or a known taxi firm. You can report a crime at any local police station or by telephoning the police on 102.