The culture of Papua New Guinea is highly diverse, as implied by the existence of over 800 languages in the country. Styles of cultural expression - carving, dance, singing, ornamentation, architecture, and more - vary greatly across the nation. Towering mountain peaks, lush , fertile valleys, golden beaches, sparkling coral islands and some of the best diving locations in the world. Papua New Guinea is a country of wild beauty, of breathe taking landscapes and of fascinating flora and fauna. Papua New Guinea is a country rich in natural resources but its wealth of tradition, beauty and history is unparalleled in the Pacific. From the magnificent beaches to the cool Papua New Guinea is arguably one of the best diving destinations in the world, having one of the healthiest coral reef systems on the planet. In addition to a large number of reef sites, there are also numerous wrecked World War II boats and aircraft, providing a wealth of Wreck Diving opportunities. Some of the best dive spots are at West New Britain/Kimbe Bay, Kavieng, Madang, Alotau, Tufi and East New Britain/Rabaul. The capital, Port Moresby, also offers superb diving. Many of the diving spots are easily accessible by day trip boat, and there are many sites further out which can be dived from one of the many liveaboards offered locally. Warm to hot and humid throughout the year. Rainy season differs in each province. Generally the dry months are May to November. Coastal temperatures are usually 25-30 degrees celsius.

CLIMATE The extreme variations in rainfall are linked with the monsoons. Generally speaking, there is a dry season June to September, and a rainy season December to March. Western and northern parts of Papua New Guinea experience the most precipitation, since the north- and westward-moving monsoon clouds are heavy with moisture by the time they reach these more distant regions. Typhoons can hit Papua New Guinea from December to mid March, and can sometimes cause heavy damage, flooding and erosion.

BEWARE Serious crime is particularly high in the capital, Port Moresby, and in the cities of Lae and Mt Hagen. Settlement areas of towns and cities are particularly dangerous. ’Bush knives’ (machetes) and firearms are often used in assaults and thefts. Carjacking, assault (including sexual assaults), bag snatching and robberies are common. Banks and cash machines are attractive targets for criminals. Walking after dark is particularly dangerous in Port Moresby and other urban centres. Armed carjacking and robberies, including those that take place inside shops and restaurants, can happen throughout Papua New Guinea at any time. Known high-risk areas include the area around Parliament House in the Port Moresby suburb of Waigani, particularly outside of working hours, and along the highway between Lae and Nadzab Airport, particularly between Goroka and Kainantu. Criminals use roadblocks on roads outside of towns to stop and loot vehicles and then attack the occupants. If you intend to travel in these areas, exercise a high degree of caution and consider using a security escort. Travel at night, if essential, should be made by car, with doors locked and windows up. You should also consider travelling in a convoy or with a security escort. Most crime is random, but number of people have been abducted by organised gangs and forced to open office safes while others are held captive until the ransom has been paid. Rape and sexual assault are problems across the country. Due to the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, victims of violent crime, especially rape, are strongly encouraged to seek immediate medical assistance.