ABOUT The Korean Peninsula is located in North-East Asia. It is bordered by the Amnok River (Yalu River) to the northwest, separating Korea from China, and the Duman River (Tumen River) to the northeast which separates Korea from both China and Russia. The country itself is flanked by the Yellow Sea to its west and the East Sea to the east. There are several notable islands that surround the peninsula including Jejudo, Ulleungdo and Dokdo.
The Korean peninsula is roughly 612 miles long and 105 miles wide at its narrowest point. Korea's total land area is 100,033 sq km, and it has a population of 49.8 million people. Mountains cover 70% of Korea's land mass, making it one of the most mountainous regions in the world. The lifting and folding of Korea’s granite and limestone base create a breathtaking landscape of scenic hills and valleys. The mountain range that stretches along the length of the east coast falls steeply into the East Sea, while along the southern and western coasts, the mountains descend gradually to the coastal plains that produce the bulk of Korea’s agricultural crops, especially rice. The standard voltage in Korea is 220 volts.
The outlet has two round holes and is the same type used in France and Germany.
CLIMATE Korea has a humid, East Asian monsoonal climate. The mean temperature during winter is generally below freezing. From mid-March through late-May, and mid-September through mid-November you can wear long-sleeved shirts and slacks plus possibly a cardigan or a jacket. During summer, June through August, short-sleeved shirts and shorts would be a good idea. Late November through early March you must be prepared for the cold. A scarf and gloves are recommended for January and February, and remember that it snows at higher elevations in Korea. The mean temperature in January in Seoul is 3.5 degrees C. below freezing, while that of London is 4.6 degrees C. above freezing, and that of San Francisco is 10.1 degrees C. Summer in Korea is hot. In most of the country, the mean temperature of hottest month is above 25 degrees C. except in the northern interior. The mean temperature of the hottest month for Seoul is 25.3 degrees C. The annual temperature range between the coldest and hottest months for Seoul is about 28.3 degrees C. The range of temperature is much greater in the north and in the interior than in the south and along the coasts.
BEWARE Although the crime rate in the Republic of Korea is low, there is a higher incidence of pick pocketing, purse snatching, assault, burglary (in hotel rooms and private residences), and other crime in major metropolitan areas, such as Seoul and Busan, than elsewhere in Korea. Exercise normal safety precautions and ensure valuables are secure especially in known tourist areas, such as Itaewon and other large market areas. Incidents of rape have been reported in popular nightlife districts of Seoul, as well as in private residences. Exercise caution when travelling alone at night and you should use only legitimate taxis or public transportation. You cannot travel directly to North Korea from South Korea, unless making an official visit to the Kaesong Industrial Complex. Taxi drivers tend to speak little or no English. Have your destination written in Korean, with a map for private addresses, as it can be difficult to locate them otherwise. You are subject to local laws, which can be more severe than in the UK for similar offences. A serious violation may lead to a jail or a death sentence. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking of illegal drugs can result in long jail sentences and heavy fines. This applies even to personal use of small amounts of marijuana. British nationals have been detained solely on the basis of drug tests.