ABOUT There are two points of entry into Zambia by train. One is via the Tazara line from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, which only goes as far as Kapiri Mposhi. From there, one can change trains and stations for the journey to Lusaka. There are two trains a week running in each direction. The schedules are unreliable and should be confirmed prior to travel. First, second and third class (not recommended) are offered. Dining is not available and very often neither is water. Expect full immigration and customs checks when crossing the border. The other line is from Zimbabwe, via Victoria Falls town to Livingstone. Trains run every second day from Livingstone to Lusaka. Zambia can be entered by road from Congo D.R, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Botswana and Namibia. : All road borders are open 24 hours a day except for Chembe, Kazungula, Kariba and Chirundu, which are open from 06h00 to 18h00. Victoria Falls Bridge is open untill 20h00. The only water access to Zambia is on Lake Tanganyika . The MV Liemba, one of the world’s oldest operating steam ships, runs scheduled services from Bujumbura in Burundi, via Kigoma in Tanzania and docks at Mpulungu in Zambia. The ferry takes vehicles, cargo and passenger in first, second and third class (not recommended). Compartments and meals are available. Delays of up to twenty four hours are possible.
CLIMATE Zambia has three distinct seasons. December to April: warm and wet, May to August: cool and dry. September to November: hot and dry. Average temperatures in Summer range from 25° C to 35° C and in winter from 6° C to 24° C.
BEWARE Although still uncommon there have been increased reports of armed robberies and vehicle hijackings across the country. You should remain vigilant at all times. You should be particularly careful when approaching locked gateways at night. In June 2012 there was a report of a serious robbery and assault case where the victim was approaching the gate to their compound in a residential area of Lusaka. There have been reports of car-jackings, Stay alert and do not, for example, stop to give lifts to people flagging you down at the roadside. Exercise caution where objects appear to have been placed to block the road. Bag snatching, pick pocketing and theft from parked cars are common at some restaurants and internet cafes in downtown areas, particularly near bus and railway stations and in some shopping areas. This is particularly the case in Lusaka and Livingstone. Keep large amounts of money, expensive jewellery, cameras and cell phones out of sight. Do not change large sums of money in busy public areas. There have been several recent incidents where thieves have followed people after they have withdrawn money from banks and later robbed them at gunpoint. Walking after dark, particularly in tourist or down town areas, can be dangerous. Avoid the Cairo Road area of Lusaka, including Chachacha, Freedom Way and Lumumba Roads, as violent robberies have occurred in this area, occasionally resulting in fatalities. Tourists have occasionally been attacked in remote locations. The risk of landmines is high in Zambia's border areas, particularly those neighbouring the DRC and Mozambique. There is also the risk of landmines on the Angola side of the Zambia/Angola border. You should exercise caution when venturing off the main roads in these areas. Wild animals in the bush, including poisonous snakes, are unpredictable and do kill. Whether travelling on land or water, you are at risk of potentially fatal animal attacks. Always observe local regulations and follow your tour or safari guide’s instructions.