ABOUT In recent years, travelers to Mali come mostly to see the three World Heritage sites, Timbuktu, Djenne and Bandiagara. However, there exist numerous other tourism resources relating to the diverse cultures of the empires and kingdoms that have flourished over the centuries. National projects currently being pursued in Mali seek to open up and develop tourism resources, so as to allow new as well as existing forms of tourism. In terms of tourism development, which heads the Malian government's list of priorities, ecotourism combined with conventional tourism, and a policy of utilizing the festivals held in various regions as tourism resources, are projected to contribute to an increase in visitor numbers. Mali is a landlocked country in the Sahel, bordered by Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. Mali is a developing nation, and remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Djenné one of the oldest towns of sub-Saharan Africa was inhabited since 250 B.C., the town became a market center and an important link in the trans-Saharan gold trade. In the 15th and 16th centuries, it was one of the centers for the propagation of Islam. Its traditional houses, of which nearly 2,000 have survived, are built on hillocks as protection from the seasonal floods Timbuktu was an intellectual and spiritual capital and a center for the propagation of Islam throughout Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries. Its three great mosques, Djingareyber, Sankore and Sidi Yahia, recall Timbuktu's golden age. Although continuously restored, these monuments are today under threat from desertification.
CLIMATE The average temperature in Mali is 27.6 °C. The range of average monthly temperatures is 7 °C. The warmest average maximum high temperature is 39 °C in April. The coolest average minimum low temperature is 16 °C in January & December. Mali receives on average 43.2 inches of precipitation annually or 3.6 inches each month. There are 86 days annually on which greater than 0.004 inches of precipitation (rain, sleet, snow or hail) occurs or 7 days on an average month. February is the driest month when on balance zero inches of rain, sleet, hail or snow falls across 1 day. The month with the wettest weather is August when on balance 12.2 inches of rain, sleet, hail or snow falls across 20 days. Hours of sunshine range between 5.4 hours per day in August and 8.9 hours per day in March.
There are 2819 sunshine hours annually and approximately 7.7 sunlight hours for each day.
BEWARE There is a high threat from terrorism in Mali. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers. There is a high threat of kidnapping in Mali by Al Qaeda .A number of Westerners have been kidnapped by these groups in Mali and the Sahel region. These attacks have on occasion resulted in the murder of the hostage. Mali is a Muslim country and their laws and customs are very different to those in the UK. You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions at all times and be aware of your actions to ensure that they do not offend other cultures or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or if you intend to visit religious areas.