ABOUT The Republic of Guinea-Bissau, a small country in western Africa, is one of the world’s poorest nations and is bordered to the north by Senegal and to the south and east by the Republic of Guinea. It encompasses the adjacent Bijagós Islands and the island of Bolama. The country rises from a coastal plain broken up by numerous inlets through a transitional plateau to mountains on the border with Guinea. Thick forest and mangrove swamp cover the area nearest to the Atlantic Ocean. Savannah covers the inland areas.The capital is Bissau and the official language is Portuguese, though many people outside of Bissau only speak an indigenous language or creole. Guinea-Bissau, a small, little-known country in western Africa just south of Senegal, is an ideal spot for adventurers seeking off-the-beaten-path travel opportunities. Though it is one of the world’s poorest nations and has limited tourist facilities, Guinea-Bissau has much to be commended, too: gorgeous beaches, ultra-fresh seafood, and a local population known for being especially friendly and laid-back. A visit to Guinea-Bissau practically guarantees an authentic African experience, and adventurous travelers willing to make the trip can enjoy some real finds and relative freedom from tourist traps. Tourist facilities and infrastructure in general are very limited and not up to European standards.
CLIMATE The climate in Guinea-Bissau is tropical., with a wet season from June to October. The dry season is from December to April, with hot winds from the interior. Guinea-Bissau is warm all year around and there is little temperature fluctuation; it averages 26.3 °C. Humidity is high from July to September. Temperatures vary with altitude and distance from the coast.
BEWARE Avoid political gatherings and street demonstrations. Demonstrations typically begin or end in front of the former Presidential Palace in “Praca dos Herois Nacionaisalso. While most demonstrations in Bissau are non-violent, the imbalance of power in the country can lead to violent demonstrations. Land mines remain a problem in areas of Guinea-Bissau and de-mining operations are continuing. The capital city of Bissau was declared “mine-free”. You should not become involved with drugs of any kind. There are heavy penalties for those convicted. Local prison conditions are harsh. You should carry ID (passport or residence permit) at all times, particularly when driving or taking a taxi, when the likelihood of having to produce it is high. We are not aware of any laws against homosexuality in Guinea-Bissau. It is generally tolerated by society if couples are discreet.