ABOUT Eritrea is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the northeast and east by the Red Sea, on the west and northwest by Sudan, on the south by Ethiopia, and on the southeast by Djibouti. The country has a high central plateau that varies from 5,906 to 9,843 ft above sea level. A coastal plain, western lowlands, and some 350 islands comprise the remainder of Eritrea's land mass. Eritrea has no year-round rivers. Eritrea is located at the highest landmass of the African continent. As a result the highlands of Eritrea have ameliorating climate conditions. Eritrea has a variety of climatic conditions. Asmara at 7,700 feet has a pleasant climate all year (average temperature of 16° Celsius and receives 20 inches of rainfall annually. The eastern coastal areas receive the unpredictable, "little rains" (belg) during October to March, while the other areas get "main rains" from June to September. Eritrea is a year-round destination for the highlands while at other places it depends on the place one spends most of one's holidays in or the activities one wishes to undertake. Eritrea is the land where one can experience three seasons in just two hours - from the rugged mountain peaks of Emba Soira to the arid desert heat of the Danakil Depression (100 meters below sea level and which is one of the hottest places on earth) to the cool breezes of the Red Sea.
CLIMATE Eritrea has hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast, cooler and wetter in the central highlands 24.0 inches of rainfall annually, semiarid in western hills and lowlands rainfall heaviest during June to September except in coastal desert. The climate is temperate in the mountains and hot in the lowlands. Asmara, the capital, is about 7,874 ft above sea level. Maximum temperature is 26 °C. The weather is usually sunny and dry, with the short or belg rains occurring February to April and the big or meher rains beginning in late June and ending in mid-September.
BEWARE Street crime such as theft and robbery is relatively rare in Asmara and other cities and towns, but appears to be on an upward trend. Take normal and sensible precautions with regard to personal safety. We advise against walking around any town, late at night alone. Valuables, particularly cameras and passports should be kept out of sight. We advise against all travel within 25 km of the border with Djibouti. We advise against all travel within 25 km of Eritrea’s border with Ethiopia. In most places the border is neither marked nor obvious. We advise against all travel to Eritrea's border with Sudan, including the town of Tesseney; and the areas north and west of Nakh’fa, Ak’ordat and Barentu. There are extensive mine fields in Eritrea, particularly near the border with Ethiopia.